12 dec 16 | women.born.today

Jane Grey Cannon Swisshelm (16 dec 1815 – 22 jul 1884 | Pittsburgh PA – Lawrenceville PA) lecturer, feminist, social reformer, Civil War nurse, autobiographer, anti-slavery advocate, first woman founder / publisher of US newspaper

Josephine Shaw Lowell (16 dec 1843 – 12 oct 1905 | Roxbury MA – New York NY) Unitarian, nonfiction author, Progressive reform leader, consumers league founder

Mary Hartwell Catherwood (16 dec 1847 – 26 dec 1902 | Luray OH – Chicago IL) historical romance novelist, short fiction magazine writer

Helen Frances [Fanny] Garrison Villard (16 dec 1844 – 05 jul 1928 | Boston MA – Dobbs Ferry NY) author, speaker, suffragist, co-founder National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

Clara Endicott Sears (16 dec 1863 – 25 mar 1963 | Boston MA – Boston MA) author, historian, preservationist, Fruitlands Museum founder

Harriet Burton Laidlaw (16 dec 1873 – 25 jan 1949 | Albany NY – New York NY) educator, suffragist, social activist / reformer, women’s rights advocate, founded League of Nations Non-Partisan Association

Anna Alice Chapin (16 dec 1880 – 26 feb 1920 | New York NY – New York NY) librettist, playwright, novelist, nonfiction author, short fiction / fairy tale writer

Elizabeth Norton (16 dec 1887 – 06 aug 1985 | Chicago IL – Palo Alto CA) sculptor, painter, printmaker

Marie Hall Ets (16 dec 1895 – 17 jan 1984 | Milwaukee WI – Inverness FL) children’s book author / illustrator, settlement house social worker

Lucille Wadler Lortel (16 dec 1900 – 04 apr 1999 | New York NY – New York NY) theatrical pioneer, stage actress / producer, patron of arts / philanthropist

Margaret Mead (16 dec 1901 – 15 nov 1978 | Philadelphia PA – New York NY) author, lecturer, professor, anthropologist

Elizabeth Hawes (16 dec 1903 – 06 sep 1971 | Ridgewood NJ – New York NY) stylist, author, copyist, sketcher, journalist, fashion designer, union organizer, fashion industry critic, gender equality / political activist

Adelma Grenier Simmons (16 dec 1903 – 03 dec 1997 | Sheldon VT – Coventry CT) author, herbalist, food writer, herbal historian, Caprilands Herb Farm and company founder, aka The First Lady of Herbs

Molly Kazan (16 dec 1906 – 14 dec 1963 | Orange NJ – New York NY) dramatist, playwright, née Mary Day Thacher

Ruth Johnson Colvin (16 dec 1916 – Chicago IL) author, literacy activist / advocate, English-as-second language innovator, founded Literacy Volunteers of America / now ProLiteracy Worldwide

Beatrice Ann Posner Wright (16 dec 1917 – Richmond NY) author, psychologist, Fullbright scholar, disability rehabilitation specialist

Mildred Miller (16 dec 1924 – Cleveland OH) classical mezzo-soprano, opera company founder / artistic director

Barbara Sturgeon Yeaman (16 dec 1924 – Pittsburgh PA) former WWII aviator, environmentalist, Delaware Highlands Conservancy land trust founder

Lydia T. Black (16 dec 1925 – 12 mar 2007 | Kiev, Ukraine – Kodiak AK) author, professor, translator, anthropologist

Alice Parker (16 dec 1925 – Boston MA) composer, arranger, conductor

Virginia Walsh Furtwangler (16 dec 1932 – Hartford CT) American-Canadian, short fiction writer, non-fiction author, pen name: Ann Copeland

Karleen Bradford (16 dec 1936 – Toronto, Ontario) children’s book author

Carmelita Vigil-Schimmenti (16 dec 1936 – Albuquerque NM) former US Air Force officer, first US Hispanic female to reach rank of Brigadier General

Kitty Gail Vetter Ferguson (16 dec 1941 – San Antonio TX) lecturer, biographer, science writer, former musician

Lesley Rene Stahl (16 dec 1941 – Lynn MA) tv journalist, news reporter, autobiographer

Barbara Smith (16 dec 1946 – Cleveland OH) African-American twin, critic, author, scholar, essayist, professor, lecturer, Black Feminist activist

Beverly Smith (16 dec 1946 – Cleveland OH) African-American twin, author, activist, theorist, feminist, academic, health advocate

Bonnie Michelle Dumanis (16 dec 1951 – Brockton MA) first openly gay US district attorney, first Jewish female San Diego County (CA) District Attorney

Deborah Pratt (16 dec 1951 – Chicago IL) author, actress, tv producer

Gloria DeLeon (16 dec 1952 – McAllen TX) author, professor, consultant, Latino activist, founder / president National Hispanic Institute –

Susan Estrich (16 dec 1952 – Marblehead MA) author, lawyer, professor, political operative, feminist advocate, political commentator

Johnnie Blakeney Rawlinson (16 dec 1952 – Concord NC) former district attorney, first African-American judge for US Court of Appeals Ninth Circuit

Connie Brockway (16 dec 1954 – Minneapolis MN) historical romance novelist

Judi Ann [Judith] Stish Ross Nathan Giuliani (15 dec 1954 – Hazleton PA) nurse, fundraiser, social activist

Carol Browner (16 dec 1955 – Miami FL) lawyer, memoirist, environmentalist, businesswoman

Joanne Arnott (16 dec 1960 – Winnipeg, Manitoba) Canadian Métis poet, blogger, children’s writer, non-fiction author

Gabrielle Wolohojian (16 dec 1960 – US) jurist, musician, attorney, Associate Justice of Massachusetts Appeals Court